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Dambulla

Dambulla cave temple is the world heritage site in srilanka, situated in the Matale District, Central Province of Sri Lanka, situated 148 km north-east of Colombo and 72 km north of KandyThis is the largest and best-preserved cave temple complex in Sri Lanka. The area is thought to be inhabited from as early as the 7th to 3rd century BC. Statues and paintings in these caves date back to the 1st century BC. But the paintings and statues were repaired and repainted in 11th, 12th, and 18th century AD. There total of 153 Buddha statues, 3 statues of Sri Lankan kings and 4 statues of gods and goddesses.

The latter include two statues of Hindu gods. The history of the Dambulla cave temple complex is thought to date back to the 3rd century BC when this area became the location for the largest Buddhist monastic settlements on the island of Sri Lanka. King Valagamba (89 – 77 BC) took refuge here when he was driven out of Anuradhapura by the South Indian invaders. There are five cave temple here Inside the caves. It is a magnificent artistic tribute to the Kandyan artists of the 18th century who brought the walls to vibrant life.

There are 5 caves with the Maharaja Vihara (Vihara means the dwelling of Buddhist monks) or the Cave II being the oldest and architecturally significant., These paintings which belong to the Kandy period display a unique tradition and deviation from the classical Anuradhapura and Polonnaruwa style. The picturesque paintings have a great appeal with its dynamic and structural properties. The special feature of these art works is the limited number of colours used; red, black, yellow and white were the only colours used for the murals. the ceilings are painted with intricate patterns of religious images following the contours of the rock. also you can visit golden statue in the golden temple.
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